Kidney cysts begin to appear on the kidneys due them having a disease known as Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD). The symptoms of PKD will not start to be experienced for a few years after the onset of kidney cysts. We will go on to discuss kidney cyst symptoms treatment, but first it is useful to get some background on Polycystic Kidney Disease. PKD comes in 3 forms, 2 of which are inherited and the third of which can occur due to a long history of kidney problems, dialysis or just through old age. Around 7million people suffer from the life-threatening condition worldwide.
The most common type of PKD is called autosomal dominant PKD. This affects 9 in 10 of people suffering from PKD and requires the abnormal gene to be transferred from only one parent. This means if someone has one affected parent and one parent who is unaffected they will have a 50% chance of getting kidney cysts in later life. The other form of PKD that is also inherited, is called autosomal recessive form. This is the childhood type of PKD and requires that both parents transfer the mutated gene meaning a 1 in 4 chance for the baby to get the disease. If there is a history in the family, the disease can be detected by an ultrasound before the birth of the child.
Now we know some of the background of the disease, what are the main symptoms and what is advisable kidney cyst symptoms treatment? Sufferers will have headaches, notice blood in their urine, may have a urinary tract infection and should also feel some unpleasant pain and aches in their abdomen and lower back. One of the worst kidney cyst symptoms is the pain that is felt for which over-the-counter drugs including paracetamol can go some way to easing. Patients may also opt to go through surgery to makes the cysts smaller which can also help to reduce the pain in the abdomen and lower back. The urinary tract infections that will often occur can be treated with the use of antibiotics. In order to help slow the effects of PKD, sufferers are recommended to adjust their lifestyle to ensure their blood pressure is kept at normal levels. Ultimately, when kidney failure eventually occurs the patient will need to undergo dialysis or have their kidneys replaced entirely. These are the main kidney cyst symptoms treatment, and it should be advised to visit a doctor if any of these symptoms are felt.